UK social impact investment market swells to a record £6.4 billion in year of the pandemic


  • Social impact sector has seen investment grow nearly eight-fold from £833 million in 2011 to £6.4 billion in 2020
  • Big Society Capital sets goal to at least double UK social investment market again by 2025
  • Social lending sector increases to account for 43% of the market

Social impact investing in the UK has increased by almost eight-fold over nine years from £833 million in 2011 to £6.4 billion in 2020, according to new figures released by Big Society Capital, the UK’s leading social impact investor.

The data, from Big Society Capital’s Annual Market Sizing Report, shows there has been consistent growth year-on-year with a particular acceleration between 2019 - 2020, the year of the pandemic, which saw a 26% increase in the value of social impact investments in the UK (26% 2019-2020 vs. 21% increase 2018-2019).

Social property funds continue to account for the largest portion (45%) of the social impact investment market and has seen eight-fold growth since 2016. Social lending accounts for 43% of the market, seeing three-fold growth since 2011.

Some of this growth in the social lending sector can be attributed to funds launched in response to the Coronavirus pandemic, such as the Resilience and Recovery Loan Fund, set up by Social Investment Business with funding from Big Society Capital.

Existing funds also contributed to the growth in social lending, supporting social enterprises and charities through the crisis by providing additional flexibility and liquidity. These included the Community Investment Enterprise Facility and the Growth Fund, created as a partnership between Access, The National Lottery Community Fund and Big Society Capital.

This further demonstrates that social impact investment is playing a key role in providing financial support to social enterprises and charities so they can continue to help communities which have struggled even more following the impact of COVID-19.

Stephen Muers, CEO of Big Society Capital, said: “Social enterprises and charities have been a fundamental lifeline for many of the millions who were furloughed, made redundant, or isolated from their regular social networks and support. They became frontline services for the nation and have played an important role in the recovery.

“Despite this, the mainstream funding challenges persist for many of these organisations, so it comes as highly welcome news to see the burgeoning growth of social impact investment from the private sector, alongside increasing investment from both local and national government.

“But this is only a fraction of what we believe is possible over the next few years. Momentum is building and social impact investment has a huge role to play. We aim to at least double the capital going into UK social investment, to between £10 billion and £15 billion by 2025.

“More and more investors are realising that it is possible to deliver both a social and financial return and so we are confident the market is on track to meet this ambitious target.”

Sarah Gordon, CEO of the Impact Investing Institute, commented: “The social investment market sizing which BSC conducts sets an important baseline which demonstrates not just how dynamic this market is, but how relevant it is for policy-makers intent on increasing opportunities and addressing regional inequalities across the UK. We’re excited to be integrating this work into our own impact investment market sizing exercise, which will take a broader look at institutional capital dedicated to impact.”

Notes to Editor

[1] Big Society Capital estimates the value of social investments in the UK was worth £6,437 million at the end of 2020, representing 5,438 transactions. £1,232 million was committed to charities and social enterprises during 2020, representing 1,152 transactions.

For an interview with Stephen Muers, please contact the media team below.

For more detail see 2020 Market Sizing

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About Big Society Capital

Big Society Capital exists to improve the lives of people in the UK through social impact investing. We unite ideas, expertise and capital to create investment solutions for the UK’s social challenges, supporting organisations that deliver both positive social impact and sustainable financial returns. So far, we have helped channel £2.2 billion* into investments tackling a wide range of problems such as homelessness, mental ill health and childhood obesity.

To widen access to social impact investing, we have partnered with Schroders, a global asset and wealth manager, to launch the listed Schroder BSC Social Impact Trust plc. As the portfolio manager, we provide investors with high impact investments that contribute to solutions to social challenges alongside targeting long-term capital growth and income.

Further information about Big Society Capital can be found at

*As at 31 December 2020